In light of celebrating International Day of Yoga this June 21, 2021, I’d like to delve into the origins of where the principles of breathing, flexibility and strength had emerged from.
Yoga, which is derived from the Sanskrit word Yuji, which means to unite representing the unification of body and consciousness – is an ancient practice that focuses on breathing, flexibility and strength that aims to boost mental and wellbeing.
The practice is derived of a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines.
That said, the main components of yoga consist of breathing and postures (a series of movements designed to boost strength and flexibility).
At the same time, it is believed that yoga was originated thousands of years ago in India and has been later adapted in other countries in various of ways.
As mentioned earlier, the origin of Yoga can be traced to northern India over 5,000 years ago – the word yoga was first mentioned in the ancient sacred texts – Rig Veda. The Vedas are a set of four ancient Sanskrit sacred texts where Rig Veda is the earliest among the vedas which consisted of a collection of over a thousand hyms, and mantras in ten chapters known as mandalas which were used by Vedic age priests.
Yoga was then refined and developed by Rishis (sages) who had documented their practices and beliefs in the Upanishads – a huge work containing over 200 scriptures.
Also, yoga is amongst the six schools of philosophy in Hinduism as well as a major part of Buddhism and its meditation practices